This list has been compiled by Claus D. Volko. It is a subjective list, listing the thinkers and intellectuals that have influenced Claus' own way of thinking the most.

# |
Name |
Country of Birth |
Profession |
Known for |

1 | Carl Gustav Jung | Switzerland | Psychiatrist | Jungian Personality Theory |

2 | Karl Raimund Popper | Austria | Philosopher | Critical Rationalism, Open Society |

3 | Immanuel Kant | Germany | Philosopher | Categorial Imperative |

4 | John von Neumann | Hungary | Mathematician | Von Neumann Architecture |

5 | Alan Turing | United Kingdom | Mathematician | Turing Machines |

6 | Kurt Gödel | Austria | Mathematician | Incompleteness Theorems |

7 | Charles Darwin | United Kingdom | Biologist | Theory of Evolution |

8 | Isaac Newton | United Kingdom | Physicist | Theory of Gravity, Calculus |

9 | Niels Bohr | Denmark | Physicist | Bohr Model |

10 | Albert Einstein | Germany | Physicist | General Theory of Relativity |

11 | Nicolaus Copernicus | Poland | Astronomer | Heliocentrism |

12 | Johannes Kepler | Austria | Astronomer | Laws of Planetary Motion |

13 | Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz | Germany | Philosopher | Mathesis universalis |

14 | Rudolf Virchow | Germany | Pathologist | Cellular Pathology |

15 | Sigmund Freud | Austria | Neurologist | Psychoanalysis |

16 | Ludwig Boltzmann | Austria | Physicist | Statistical Mechanics |

17 | Erwin Schrödinger | Austria | Physicist | Wave Equation |

18 | Werner Heisenberg | Germany | Physicist | Uncertainty Principle |

19 | Gregor Mendel | Austria | Biologist | Mendelian Inheritance |

20 | Carl Menger | Austria | Economist | Austrian School |

21 | Ludwig von Mises | Austria | Economist | Praxeology |

22 | Leonardo da Vinci | Italy | Polymath | Mechanical Engineering |

23 | Galileo Galilei | Italy | Polymath | Modern Physics |

24 | Aristotle | Greece | Philosopher | Empiricism, Logic |

25 | Plato | Greece | Philosopher | Epistemology, Political Philosophy |

26 | Socrates | Greece | Philosopher | Foundation of Philosophy |

27 | Marie Curie Sklodowska | Poland | Physicist | Discovery of Radium |

28 | Tycho Brahe | Denmark | Astronomer | Astronomical Discoveries |

29 | Robert Koch | Germany | Microbiologist | Koch's Postulates |

30 | Paul Ehrlich | Germany | Physician | Contributions to Immunology |

31 | Edward Jenner | United Kingdom | Physician | Vaccination |

32 | Ralph Merkle * | United States | Computer Scientist | Public-key Cryptography |

33 | Abraham Lempel * | Poland | Computer Scientist | Lossless Data Compression |

34 | Geoffrey Hinton * | United Kingdom | Computer Scientist | Deep Learning |

35 | Tony Hoare * | United Kingdom | Computer Scientist | Quicksort Algorithm |

36 | Edsger Dijkstra | Netherlands | Computer Scientist | Various Algorithms |

37 | Archimedes of Syracuse | Greece | Inventor | Various Inventions |

38 | Thomas Alva Edison | United States | Inventor | Various Inventions |

39 | Nikola Tesla | Austria | Inventor | Alternating Current |

40 | Oswald T. Avery Jr. | Canada | Physician | Molecular Genetics |

41 | Wilhelm C. Röntgen | Germany | Physicist | X-rays |

42 | Ray Kurzweil * | United States | Inventor | Speech Recognition |

43 | Hamilton Smith * | United States | Microbiologist | Shotgun Sequencing |

44 | John Craig Venter * | United States | Biochemist | Shotgun Sequencing |

45 | Emmanuelle Charpentier * | France | Microbiologist | CRISPR/Cas9 |

46 | Jennifer Doudna * | United States | Biochemist | CRISPR/Cas9 |

47 | Noam Chomsky * | United States | Linguist | Chomsky Hierarchy |

48 | Euclid | Greece | Mathematician | Euclidean Geometry |

49 | Leonhard Euler | Switzerland | Mathematician | Various Contributions |

50 | Thales of Miletius | Greece | Mathematician | Various Contributions |

51 | Pythagoras of Samos | Greece | Mathematician | Pythagorean Theorem |

52 | Carl Friedrich Gauss | Germany | Mathematician | Various Contributions |

53 | Daniel Bernoulli | Switzerland | Mathematician | Bernoulli's Principle |

54 | Jacob Bernoulli | Switzerland | Mathematician | Various Contributions |

55 | George Boole | United Kingdom | Mathematician | Boolean Algebra |

56 | Gottlob Frege | Germany | Mathematician | Begriffsschrift |

57 | Konrad Zuse | Germany | Inventor | Z3 |

58 | Ignaz Semmelweis | Hungary | Physician | Saviour of Mothers |

59 | Richard Dawkins * | British Kenya | Biologist | Selfish Gene |

60 | Tim Berners-Lee * | United Kingdom | Computer Scientist | Hypertext Transfer Protocol |

61 | Mark Zuckerberg * | United States | Computer Scientist | |

62 | Shigeru Miyamoto * | Japan | Game Designer | Nintendo Games |

63 | Sid Meier * | Canada | Game Designer | Civilization |

64 | Francis Galton | United Kingdom | Polymath | Heredity of Intelligence |

65 | Niccolo Machiavelli | Italy | Strategist | Political Theory |

* Living people at the time this list was assembled (2018)